2nd APSPOS Congress Announced


Due to the great success of the inaugural Asia-Pacific Strabismus and Paediatric Ophthalmology Society (APSPOS) Congress in Hong Kong, organizers are pleased to announce that the society’s 2nd Congress will be held in the year 2019 in Sydney, Australia.

Stay tuned for further information!


  CUHK Symposium Discusses the Myopia Epidemic



The Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences of the Chinese University of Hong Kong, host of the inaugural APSPOS Congress, organized a session on myopia, chaired by Prof. Ian Morgan and Prof. Calvin Pang, on Day 2 of APSPOS 2017.

To begin the session, Prof. Morgan provided an overview of the current myopia epidemic. He said that there has been a “massive explosion” of both myopia and high myopia in recent decades in some, but not all, countries in the Asia-Pacific region.

He highlighted the influence of education levels, noting that many countries with high levels of myopia, such as South Korea and Singapore, are also top performers in international education rankings.

According to Prof. Morgan, one of the most important questions regarding the effect of education on myopia development is, “Can it be modified?”

However, he stated that such a query cannot be answered by ophthalmology alone, as it is also a matter of sociology.

Following on from Prof. Morgan’s presentation, Prof. Kathryn Rose focused on another factor related to the development of myopia: time spent outdoors.

She emphasized the importance of exposure to natural light, which has a protective effect against myopia, though she acknowledged that time spent indoors while learning and studying is also necessary.

"There has to be a balance in children’s lives," she said.

The session also included discussion of optical signaling, as well as vitamin D and atropine in myopia.


  AAPOS Hosts Pediatric Cataract Symposium



The American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus organized 2 symposiums on Day 2 of the inaugural APSPOS Congress on the topics of strabismus and pediatric cataract.

In the latter session, chaired by Dr. Connie Lai and Dr. Scott Larson, various elements of pediatric cataract causes and management were discussed.

In reviewing the different genetic and systemic diseases that may result in pediatric cataract, Dr. Deborah Alcorn encouraged thorough history taking and family evaluation.

She emphasized that providers should “approach these kids as individuals” and maintain a thoughtful method of diagnosis and treatment.

Dr. Erick Bothun presented results from the Infant Aphakia Treatment Study in the United States, with a focus on strabismus in study participants who also had cataract.

He said that “the appropriate management of cataract in a timely manner is the best thing that we can do,” though patients are still likely to develop strabismus after surgery.

That being the case, he urged delegates to “be building rapport with these families and patients for a long course ahead.”


Dr. Serena Wang discussed the use of contact lenses in aphakic pediatric patients, whereas Dr. Scott Larson reviewed the evidence regarding blue blocking lenses. A variety of surgical techniques and tips were also presented during the session.


  Interactive Panel Discussion and Evaluation
  in WSPOS Symposium



One of the last sessions of the inaugural APSPOS Congress was also one of the liveliest. The World Society of Paediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus (WSPOS) symposium on the afternoon of Thursday, October 12, 2017, featured a highly interactive format of case presentations, panel discussion and audience participation.

Dr. Meenakshi Swamination, Dr. Seo Wei Leo and Dr. Inez Wong all presented different cases of strabismus from their own experience, whereas Dr. Kekunnaya Ramesh, Dr. Ken Nischal and Dr. Jane Yeung showcased pediatric cataract patients. At times, the presenters asked for advice and suggestions from their colleagues.

Furthermore, during and after the case presentations, session chairs Dr. Nischal, Dr. Ramesh and Dr. Chris Yu posed questions to the audience and/or the speakers, making for animated, informed discussion of different treatment methods and personal preferences.


In addition, Dr. Nischal impressed delegates with his presentation on groundbreaking basic science developments relevant to pediatric ophthalmology, namely, the use of antibiotic drugs such as gentamicin and paromomycin to alter protein termination in nonsense mutations in ocular conditions including retinitis pigmentosa. Similarly, he noted that clinical trials in the United States are currently underway for ataluren to treat aniridia.

“We are at the precipice of a golden age of manipulation of cell mechanisms,” Dr. Nischal said. He encouraged delegates to remain abreast of the latest innovations in order to provide the highest level of care to their patients.


APSPOS Congress Secretariat

The Chinese University of Hong Kong,
Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences,
4/F Hong Kong Eye Hospital
147K Argyle Street
Kowloon, Hong Kong
Tel: (852) 3943-5827
Fax: (852) 2715-9490
Email: secretariat@apspos.org